I have a test im studying for in History class in college. The review asks me to define the following terms during the Cold War, wwii, and hipster (beatniks) eras and explain its context and significance.
The Atlantic Charter
Great East Asia
All of these terms are pack-filled with information, but I’ll summarize each rapidly:
George Kennan- A diplomat of the United States who was named “Father of containment” during the Cold War, which means containing the Soviet Union and preventing it from expanding its influence further.
The Atlantic Charter- A policy statement drafted by the United States and Britain during World War II and later agreed to by all of the Allies basically stating that liberated countries and cities would not be made permanent territories of the Allies, protection of the people, giving them freedoms, and giving them access to raw materials.
Great East Asia- Basically a concept made by the aggressive Empire of Japan before and during World War II. It promoted the cultural and economic unity of the East Asian race. It also declared the intention to create a self-sufficient “bloc of Asian nations led by the Japanese and free of Western powers.”
Military Keynesianism- The idea that the government (American government) should increase military spending, and by doing so, it also increases economic growth whilst better defending the country.
“Howl”- In the ’50s, Allen Ginsberg wrote a poem called “Howl.” Its opening lines, “I saw the best minds of my generation destroyed by/ madness, starving hysterical naked,/ dragging themselves through the ***** streets at dawn/ looking for an angry fix,” are well-known and oft-quoted. The words speak evocatively and powerfully to the terrible political and social dilemmas of postwar America, those facing the younger generation in particular.
IMF- [International Monetary Fund] It is an organization of 188 countries, working to foster global monetary cooperation, secure financial stability, facilitate international trade, promote high employment and sustainable economic growth, and reduce poverty around the world. It was established in the United States in 1944.
China Lobby- Used by American politicians, this describes special interest groups acting on behalf of the governments of either the People’s Republic of China or the Republic of China to influence Sino-American relations. During most of the twentieth century, the term “China lobby” was used most often to refer to special interest groups acting on behalf of the Republic of China (ROC).
McCarthyism- A fear of communism spreading into the United States in the ’50s begun by U.S. Senator Joseph McCarthy where thousands of Americans were accused of being Communists or communist sympathizers.
NATO- [North Atlantic Treaty Organization] Basically a military and economic alliance between countries in the Northern Hemisphere, it was the enemy of the Warsaw Pact (Soviet Union) during the Cold War. NATO consisted of the U.S, Canada, Western Europe, and a few other small nations. It now has spread into Eastern Europe.
Mohammad Mossadegh- He was the prime minister of Iran who was overthrown in a coup, which was supported by the CIA and MI6. It was basically a coup for oil, since Mohammad nationalized the Iranian oil industry when before it was in the hands of the British.
Margaret Chase Smith- She was the first woman to serve in both houses of the United States Congress, and the first woman to represent Maine in either. A moderate Republican, she is perhaps best remembered for her 1950 speech, “Declaration of Conscience,” in which she criticized the tactics of McCarthyism(Remember? The persecution of Americans thought to be communists?)
Elizabeth Gurley-Flynn- Part of the American communist party(Most significant). She was a labor leader, activist, and feminist who played a leading role in the Industrial Workers of the World. Flynn was a founding member of the American Civil Liberties Union and a visible proponent of women’s rights, birth control, and women’s suffrage.
Good luck with your exam, don’t worry, it’ll be easy!
Kennan–an advisor on foreign matters to the Kennedy adminstration
Atlantic Charter–the treaty establishing NATO
Greater East Asia Co-Prosperity Sphere (to use the full translated name)–Japanese propaganda name for the empire they hoped to creat after conquering China, IndoChina, India, Phillipines, etc
Military Keynes–never saw that one before, but John Maynard Keynes was an economist with theories on how to control economies and end depressions. I suppose this would be some sort of militaristic theory equivalent
IMF–still around, set up around 1948 International Monetary Fund, provides support (usually at a high price) to govts in economic distrss
China Lobby–post WW2 group, mostly Republican, demanding USA support for Chiang Kai Shek against the Chinese Communists
McCarthyism–Senator Joseph McCarthy (R–WI) claimed to have evidence of communist infiltration of Hollywood, the State Dept, the Defense Dept, etc etc. Finally brought down by his own absurdities, censured by the Senate and drank himself to death
NATO–North Atlantic treaty Organization–USA, Canada, and various west European nations alliance to face the threat of a Soviet takeover of Europe
Mohammed Mossadegh–Prime Minister of Iran around 1950. Tried to overthrow the Shah, and seize western owned oil fields, too friendly with the Soviets. Noted for crying during major speeches. CIA took him out.
Margaret Chase Smith–Senator, (R–Maine)
Elizabeth Gurley Flynn–magazine publisher, Cosmopolitan. Noted for sexy articles
The concept of education is that the pupil is able to answer questions and if not: is able to research for the answers by e.g. using a concept called the Internet. The ability to use Y/A has been proven , yo should move on to: google, yahoo search, bing and wikipedia.
Are you seriously ask us as a college student to do your work ?????